“Ten Shi” was issued, focusing on the supervision of chemical coking and other industries.
The State Council recently issued the Action Plan for Soil Pollution Prevention and Control. In response to the problems of air, water and soil pollution, “Ten of the Atmosphere” and “Ten of Water” were released and implemented in 2013 and 2015 respectively. The “Ten Ten Articles” issued this time have set the target tasks for the prevention and treatment of soil pollution and the division of labor between the ministries.
“Ten Shi” proposed that by 2020, the safe utilization rate of contaminated cultivated land will reach 90%, and the safe utilization rate of contaminated land will reach over 90%. By 2030, the safe utilization rate of contaminated cultivated land will reach over 95%, and the safe utilization rate of contaminated land will reach over 95%.
“Ten Shi” proposed the goal of soil pollution prevention and control, that is, by 2020, the national soil pollution aggravation trend was initially contained, the soil environmental quality was generally stable, the soil environmental safety of agricultural land and construction land was basically guaranteed, and the soil environmental risk was basically controlled; By 2030, the quality of soil environment in the country will be stable and stable, the soil environmental safety of agricultural and construction land will be effectively guaranteed, and the soil environmental risk will be fully controlled. By the middle of this century, the soil environmental quality will be comprehensively improved and the ecosystem will achieve a virtuous cycle.
The “Ten Articles” has identified ten measures: First, conduct soil pollution surveys and master the soil environmental quality. The second is to promote legislation on soil pollution prevention and control, and establish a sound system of laws and regulations. The third is to implement the classification management of agricultural land to ensure the safety of agricultural production environment. The fourth is to implement the construction land access management to prevent human settlement environmental risks. The fifth is to strengthen the protection of unpolluted soil and strictly control the newly added soil pollution. The sixth is to strengthen the supervision of pollution sources and do a good job in soil pollution prevention. The seventh is to carry out pollution control and restoration to improve the quality of regional soil environment. Eight is to increase scientific and technological research and development efforts to promote the development of environmental protection industry. Nine is to play a leading role of the government and build a soil environmental governance system. Ten is to strengthen the target assessment and strict accountability.
“Ten Shi” proposed that the focus of soil use should be investigated in the areas of agricultural land and key industry enterprises. The area and distribution of soil pollution of agricultural land and its impact on the quality of agricultural products should be ascertained before the end of 2018; Distribution of contaminated land in industrial enterprises and their environmental risks.
To speed up the legislative process, the “Ten Articles” requires the completion of the revision of the pesticide management regulations before the end of 2016, the release of soil environmental management measures for contaminated land and the management of soil environmental management for agricultural land. Before the end of 2017, regulations such as recycling of pesticide packaging waste, soil environmental management of industrial and mining land, and recycling of abandoned agricultural film will be introduced. By 2020, the laws and regulations for soil pollution prevention and control will be basically established.
“Ten Shi” also requires key monitoring of heavy metals such as cadmium, mercury, arsenic, lead and chromium in the soil, organic pollutants such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and petroleum hydrocarbons, and key supervision of non-ferrous metal mining and mining, non-ferrous metal smelting, oil exploitation and petroleum processing. , chemical, coking, electroplating, leather and other industries, as well as grain-producing (oil) large counties, prefecture-level urban built-up areas and other areas.
“Ten Shi” proposes to strictly control new non-ferrous metal smelting, petroleum processing, chemical, coking, electroplating, and tanning industries in areas with priority protection of cultivated land. Existing related industries must adopt new technologies and new processes to accelerate The pace of upgrading and upgrading.